Recherche sur le vieillissement en bonne santé

Recherche sur le vieillissement en bonne santé
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ISSN: 2261-7434


Susceptibility and prevalence of the main zoonotic diseases in Tonpki region, Western Ivory Coast, West Africa

N'Goran Edouard

Epidemiological monitoring system is a major challenge in a developing country mainly in west Africa. Therefore, zoonotic diseases bring about public health issue in the mostly countries where screening system of the breeding animal is not well enough controlled. In order to have a better knowledge of zoonotic diseases, the interest to investigate the main breeding animal diseases has been undertaken in slaughterhouses of three departments (Man, Biankouma and Danané) from Tonkpi region western of Côte d’Ivoire. For this purpose, investigation was carried out on cattle carcass by the post-mortem and qualitative inspection approach. The study showed that pathologies observed were classified into three groups: bacterial infection (tuberculosis, emphysema and brucellosis), parasitic diseases (distomatosis and meninococcosis) and unidentified infections. However, these diseases infection rate in the department of Man (4.50%) was significantly (p<0.05) higher than those from Danané (3.99%) and Biankouma (3.93%) departments. Pathologies’ identification showed that parasitic diseases were the most observed (64.87%), followed by bacterial infections (33.46%) and unidentified diseases (1.67%). Distomatosis (p<0.05) frequency recorded is up to 62.92%, showing that it was the most observed disease in the Tonpki region compared to others such as contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (17.47%), echinococcosis (1.95%), bovine tuberculosis (12.08%), emphysema (3.62%), brucellosis (0.28%) and unidentified pathologies (1.67%)). In addition, pathologies correlation matrix showed that distomatosis is positively and significant (p<0.05) correlated with tuberculosis. This result shows the higher susceptibility of tuberculosis (major zoonotic disease) in the Tonpki’s region. However, serological analysis and other studies should be done to corroborate the present results and better explore other diseases, respectively.