Journal des sciences agricoles et de la recherche alimentaire

Journal des sciences agricoles et de la recherche alimentaire
Libre accès

ISSN: 2593-9173


Review on; Groundnut and its Production Status in Ethiopia

Yeshiwas Sendekie*

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of nitrogen fixing legume, economically and nutritionally important crop for tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. It is unique crop because, it flowers above ground and the nut develops underground. Worldwide groundnut produced by more than 110 countries. The production is estimated to 53.64 million tonnes during 2020 cropping season. The total land coverage of groundnut in Ethiopia is 113,515 ha and the production is estimated to be 205,069 tonnes with productivity of 1.81 tonnes per hectare. Oromya and Benishangule Gummuz regions were the leading respective producer regions in Ethiopia. Production area, yield and productivity has been increasing worldwide with a rate of 5.5%, 7.6% and 2.2% respectively, whereas, 143.74%, 23.5% and 1.5% respectively, during 2019 and 2020 cropping season. This revealed that, the rate of production increment in Ethiopia was highly dependent on area expansion than productivity. Therefore, breeding effort on yield improvement is vital solution to feed increasing population in the future. This paper addressed the trends and status of groundnut production in Ethiopia.