Microbiologie appliquée: libre accès
Libre accès

ISSN: 2471-9315


Incidence of Bacterial Conjunctivitis among Patients attending Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Akinseye Janet Fumilayo 1, Obebe Olusola 2, AO Komolafe 2, Agunlejika Richard Adedokun 2, Ayuba Sunday Buru 3*

Conjunctivitis infection is associated with purulent discharge, swelling of the eyelid and itching. In the bacteria infection, a crust of sticky muco-purulent discharge is present. Here we highlight the aetiological agent of bacterial conjunctivitis and their antibiogram pattern. About 120 patients were examined for bacterial conjunctivitis at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex Ile-Ife. 90 of the patients had bacterial conjunctivitis indicating a prevalence rate of 75%, male patients had prevalent of (76.4%), while female patients (73.8%). In relation to age group of patients, 11-20 years (25.6%) had the highest prevalence of bacterial conjunctivitis followed by age <12 months (22.2%), while the prevalence for other ages were 1-10 years (17.7%), 21-30 years (16.7%), 31-40 years and 41-50 years (5.6%) each, 51-60 years (4.4%) and 61-70 years (2.2%), bacterial isolates obtain most was Staphylococcus aureus with a prevalence of 53.3% while the least was Escherichia coli, 3.3%. Staphylococcus epidermidis (14.4%), Klebsiella and Pseudomonas species (11.1%) each and Proteus species (6.7%). All isolated bacteria were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility. For gram-positive isolates, 61 where sensitive to Rocephin antibiotic having 90.8% efficacy, followed by Cefuroxime (72.1%), Cloxacillin (67.2%), Gentamycin (57.4%), Erythromycin (55.7%), Streptomycin (52.5%), Chloramphenicol (41.0%), Ceftazidine (36.1%), Tetracycline (29.5%), Ampicillin (9.8%) and Penicillin (1.6%). Also, all Gram negative isolates, 29 in number were sensitive to Rocephin (89.7%), Gentamycin (65.5%), Streptomycin (51.7%), Tetracycline (51.7%), Colistin (48.3%), Ceftazidine (41.4%), Coltrimoxazole (34.5%), Cefuroxime (10.3%) and Ampicillin was found to be resistant. Most of the bacterial isolated, showed high sensitivity to antibiotics especially the Gram-positive isolates to commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis, while the gram negative isolates showed varying degree of sensitivity with some bacterial isolates being resistant to ampicillin