Journal des techniques de chromatographie et de séparation

Journal des techniques de chromatographie et de séparation
Libre accès

ISSN: 2157-7064


Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Photosensitive Characteristics in Citrus and Herb Essential Oils

Pei-Shan Wu, Yu-Ting Kuo, Shen-Ming Chen, Ying Li and Bih-Show Lou

Essential oils (EOs) are commonly used in aromatherapy and offer a number of health benefits. However, the photosensitivity of citrus EO family limits their applications. It is important to characterize the compositional changes of EOs upon possible factors affecting their stability, such as light and water content. In this study, we used gas chromatography equipped with mass spectrometry detector to investigate the constituents of commercial citrus EOs (lemon, orange) and herb EOs (clary sage, lavender). The result indicated that limonene was the most abundant compound in citrus EOs and followed by β-pinene or β-myrcene. Linalyl acetate and β-linalool were the major constituents in herb EOs. It is surprised to find that almost no change in chemical composition under sunlight exposure for 2hr. In contrast, the amount of terpene hydrocarbons decreased greatly in citrus OEs with H2O addition and under sunlight exposure, which might be converted to oxidative compounds, such as carveol, ρ-cymene and limonene oxide. However, herb EOs was much less photosensitive, which are more potential to become a stable material for daily used products application.