Henok Mulatu1*, Shaban Mohamed2
Bovine Tuberculosis (BTB) is endemic in Ethiopian cattle. BTB is caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) and has economic and public health significance. Which has significant impact on the health of livestock and human? It has been significantly a cause for great economic loss in animal production. Associated risk factors contributed to the prevalence of the disease in cattle and its transmission. Moreover, the majority of cattle owners lack awareness about the disease and its public health significance. The presence of multiple hosts including wild animals, inefficient diagnostic techniques, absence of defined national controls and eradication programs could impede the control of bovine TB. Awareness rising about the disease, its transmission and zoonotic implication however, in Ethiopia bovine tuberculosis in human livestock wildlife interface is not well studied in the country and there were no studies concerning the burden of the disease between human, animal and wildlife which is of great importance for reduction and control measures. This paper aims to review the potential health and economic impact of bovine tuberculosis control in order to safeguard human and animal population in Ethiopia.